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Why Do Healthy Children Die from the Flu? Study Offers New Insights
With this year’s severe flu season, one statistic is especially chilling. Each year, around 50 percent of all children under 5 years old who die from the flu were previously healthy, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Adults who die from the flu, on the other hand, typically had a medical condition that increased their risk of mortality. A new study published in the Journal of Immunology offers new insights as to why healthy children are much more vulnerable. It also opens new opportunities for treatment.
“We found that in young healthy mice the immune system overreacted to the influenza virus, which led to more inflammation, greater lung damage and increased mortality compared to healthy adults exposed to the virus,” says lead author Bria Coates, MD, Critical Care physician at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago and Assistant Professor o
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Trauma Surgeons Push For Stop The Bleed Kits In Wake of Mass Casualty Incidents
University of Alabama at Birmingham trauma surgeons Jeff Kerby, MD, and Virginia Strickland, MD, have provided on-site Stop the Bleed kits and training at local Alabama schools, and they are pushing for further distribution of these trauma kits both in Alabama and nationwide.
Just last week, Kerby and Strickland provided a Facebook Live training on Stop the Bleed trauma kits and discussed the need for funding around the country for this initiative.
“We know in some cases, shooting victims in these mass casualty events bled out and died before first responders could arrive to perform emergency medical treatment,” said Kerby. “With shooting scenes on lockdown and shooters still on the loose or unaccounted for, there is all too often a delay in emergency personnel’s reaching the injured. But if the survivors are prepared and equipped to respond, they may be able to keep a victim alive
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New Device Measures Blink Reflex Parameters To Quickly And Objectively Identify Concussion
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that between 1.6 and 3.8 million concussions occur each year in the US. In addition, research indicates that nearly a quarter of annual traumatic brain injuries among children are sustained during high-contact/collision recreational activities or sports. Unfortunately, current methods for diagnosing and evaluating concussion severity are not very accurate.
Medical professionals and field-side staff must base concussion-related decisions on overt symptom assessments (e.g., balance, neurocognition) and self-reports that often provide incomplete, misleading or conflicting information.
Nancey Trevanian Tsai, MD, clinical assistant professor of neurosurgery at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), and Dena Garner, PhD, professor of health, exercise, and sport science at The Citadel, collaborated to study whether a new devic
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Infection Outbreaks At Hospitals Could Be Reduced By Copper-Coated Uniforms
Doctors, nurses and healthcare professionals could soon be wearing uniforms brushed with tiny copper nanoparticles to reduce the spread of bacterial infections and viruses, such as Escherichia coli (E. coli), at hospitals.
Material scientists at The University of Manchester, working in collaboration with universities in China, have created a 'durable and washable, concrete-like' composite material made from antibacterial copper nanoparticles.
They have also developed a way of binding the composite to wearable materials such as cotton and polyester, which has proved a stumbling block for scientists in the past.
Bacterial infection is a major issue in hospitals across the UK and has been rising due to its spread on surfaces and clothing. E. coli infections alone killed more than 5,500 NHS patients in 2015 and Government estimates put the cost of such infections to the NHS at £2.3 billio